Read e-book online An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper PDF

By Roberta Corvi

ISBN-10: 0415129575

ISBN-13: 9780415129572

It is a complete creation to the philosophical and political considered Karl Popper, now on hand in English. it's divided into 3 elements; the 1st half presents a biography of Popper; the second one half seems at his works and recurrent topics, and the 3rd half assesses his critics. It used to be licensed of by way of Popper himself as a sympathetic and accomplished research, and may be perfect to fulfill the expanding call for for a precis advent to his paintings.

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Hence: the possibility of refuting theories by observations is the basis of all empirical tests. For the test of a theory is, like every rigorous examination, always an attempt to show that the candidate is mistaken—that is, that the theory entails a false assertion. From a logical point of view, all empirical tests are therefore attempted refutations. (CR: 192) Observation, experiment, experience in general are here no longer the foundation upon which science is constructed or, as it were, the raw material of science itself; rather, they function as control instruments or as guarantees of scientificity, by signalling any violation of the frontiers of experience.

On the first point, it has to be said that there is a confusion with the much more important, Kantian problem of demarcation. According to Popper, it is only with Kant that the central problem of knowledge becomes one of finding a criterion that allows us to distinguish between what is and what is not entitled to be called science. Popper wants to reject the widely held principle that inductive logic provides an adequate criterion for the differentiation of the empirical sciences from metaphysics or other forms of non-scientific knowledge.

This principle of critical rationalism allows us to solve the Humean problem without relying exclusively upon the psychological explanations that Popper regards as unfounded. Humean psychology, being a reformulation of diffuse popular beliefs, seems to Popper to be mistaken with regard to (a) the typical result of repetition, (b) the genesis of habits, and (c) the expectation of regularity characterizing both experiences and behaviour (CR: 43). First, it has to be said that repetition often results not in a conscious THE EPISTEMOLOGICAL WORKS 33 expectation of regularity, but rather in a loss of consciousness: for example, after repeating a passage many times on the piano, we can execute it without paying conscious attention, so that each movement of the hand becomes automatic.

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An Introduction to the Thought of Karl Popper by Roberta Corvi


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