Read e-book online Allende's Chile and the Inter-American Cold War (New Cold PDF

By Tanya Harmer

ISBN-10: 0807834955

ISBN-13: 9780807834954

Fidel Castro defined Salvador Allende's democratic election as president of Chile in 1970 because the most vital innovative triumph in Latin the USA after the Cuban revolution. but celebrations have been brief lived. In Washington, the Nixon management vowed to break Allende's left-wing executive whereas Chilean competition forces mobilized opposed to him. the outcome was once a conflict for Chile that led to 1973 with a right-wing army coup and a brutal dictatorship lasting approximately two decades.

Tanya Harmer argues that this conflict used to be a part of a dynamic inter-American chilly battle fight to figure out Latin America's destiny, formed extra by means of the competition among Cuba, Chile, the USA, and Brazil than by means of a clash among Moscow and Washington. Drawing on firsthand interviews and lately declassified files from files in North the United States, Europe, and South America--including Chile's international Ministry Archive--Harmer offers the main finished account up to now of Cuban involvement in Latin the United States within the early Nineteen Seventies, Chilean international relatives in the course of Allende's presidency, Brazil's aid for counterrevolution within the Southern Cone, and the Nixon administration's Latin American rules. The chilly warfare within the Americas, Harmer unearths, is better understood as a multidimensional fight, regarding peoples and ideas from around the hemisphere.

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Hence: the possibility of refuting theories by observations is the basis of all empirical tests. For the test of a theory is, like every rigorous examination, always an attempt to show that the candidate is mistaken—that is, that the theory entails a false assertion. From a logical point of view, all empirical tests are therefore attempted refutations. (CR: 192) Observation, experiment, experience in general are here no longer the foundation upon which science is constructed or, as it were, the raw material of science itself; rather, they function as control instruments or as guarantees of scientificity, by signalling any violation of the frontiers of experience.

On the first point, it has to be said that there is a confusion with the much more important, Kantian problem of demarcation. According to Popper, it is only with Kant that the central problem of knowledge becomes one of finding a criterion that allows us to distinguish between what is and what is not entitled to be called science. Popper wants to reject the widely held principle that inductive logic provides an adequate criterion for the differentiation of the empirical sciences from metaphysics or other forms of non-scientific knowledge.

This principle of critical rationalism allows us to solve the Humean problem without relying exclusively upon the psychological explanations that Popper regards as unfounded. Humean psychology, being a reformulation of diffuse popular beliefs, seems to Popper to be mistaken with regard to (a) the typical result of repetition, (b) the genesis of habits, and (c) the expectation of regularity characterizing both experiences and behaviour (CR: 43). First, it has to be said that repetition often results not in a conscious THE EPISTEMOLOGICAL WORKS 33 expectation of regularity, but rather in a loss of consciousness: for example, after repeating a passage many times on the piano, we can execute it without paying conscious attention, so that each movement of the hand becomes automatic.

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Allende's Chile and the Inter-American Cold War (New Cold War History) by Tanya Harmer


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