By Jonathan Dean Sarris
Most americans consider the Civil conflict as a chain of dramatic clashes among vast armies led by means of romantic-seeming leaders. yet within the Appalachian groups of North Georgia, issues have been very varied. concentrating on Fannin and Lumpkin counties within the Blue Ridge Mountains alongside Georgia’s northern border, A Separate Civil battle: groups in clash within the Mountain South argues for a extra localized, idiosyncratic realizing of this momentous interval in our nation’s heritage. The e-book finds that, for plenty of individuals, this conflict was once fought much less for summary ideological reasons than for purposes tied to domestic, kinfolk, acquaintances, and community.
Making use of a giant trove of letters, diaries, interviews, executive records, and sociological facts, Jonathan Dean Sarris brings to lifestyles a formerly obscured model of our nation’s so much divisive and harmful warfare. From the outset, the possibility of secession and battle divided Georgia’s mountain groups alongside the strains of race and faith, and battle itself in basic terms heightened those tensions. because the accomplice executive started to draft males into the military and grab provides from farmers, many mountaineers turned extra disaffected nonetheless. They banded jointly in armed squads, battling off accomplice infantrymen, nation military, and their very own pro-Confederate associates. a neighborhood civil conflict ensued, with either side seeing the opposite as a risk to legislations, order, and neighborhood itself. during this very own clash, either factions got here to dehumanize their enemies and use equipment that stunned even pro infantrymen with their savagery. but if the conflict was once over in 1865, every one faction sought to sanitize the previous and combine its tales into the nationwide myths later popularized in regards to the Civil warfare. through arguing that the cause of settling on aspects had extra to do with neighborhood matters than with competing ideologies or social or political visions, Sarris provides a much-needed hardship to the query of why males fought within the Civil War.
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Additional resources for A Separate Civil War: Communities in Conflict in the Mountain South
To produce a [similar] precedent for good order and respectability. . It is true that many people visit here . . who’s moral example is neither seen nor heard . . but we hear of no midnight assassinations, no pickpockets, no robberies, no stealing . . ” 42 M. H. ” Residents were especially sensitive to charges of irreligion. In the winter of 1833, an anonymous letter appeared in the Atlanta Christian Index charging that “the circulation of some moral precepts in [Lumpkin] is absolutely necessary .
S. and Georgia constitutions. ” The class-based politics of Lumpkin County was most evident at the polling places. One early Auraria settler recalled that on one election day in the 1830s “the wisest and most distinguished persons in the locality” gathered around John C. ” Meanwhile, the “pick and shovel boys” attended political barbecues and marched through the streets waving hickory bushes and wearing coonskin caps. Thus, “the great mass of golddiggers . . ” 38 As the issues of Union, secession, and the territorial expansion of slavery dominated national political rhetoric during the 1840s and 1850s, Lumpkin County residents actively participated in these national debates.
One of the first to settle permanently in the region was Lewis Vanzant, who moved there from western North Carolina in 1834. Settling near the Toccoa River, Vanzant established a trading post that became the germ of a small town known as the Dial community. Vanzant employed local Cherokee as builders, engaged in a lively trade with the Natives, and prospered. He was worth over $16,000 in 1860, with much of his wealth tied up in five slaves. 49 Many North Carolinians followed Vanzant into Union and Gilmer counties in the 1840s and 1850s.
A Separate Civil War: Communities in Conflict in the Mountain South by Jonathan Dean Sarris